The paper highlights the status of fisheries in Zambia with emphasis on status, management, and challenges of the subsector. An attempt has been made to give an overview of fish supply and consumption that includes the trade core. Both qualitative and quantitative secondary data were used from the Department of Fisheries (DOF) and Central Statistics Office (CSO). Department of Fisheries also provided the information on the major steps being undertaken in the subsector. In this paper, fisheries consists of two components, namely, aquaculture and capture fisheries.
The fisheries sector does not have a stand alone policy at the moment. It is covered by the National Agricultural Policy (NAP) (2004–2015) that governs the development of the agriculture sector in Zambia. However, the emphasis in the policy is on fish resource management and is related to capture fisheries with little mention of aquaculture that provides great potential to increase the country’s fish production. Zambia is a landlocked country with an estimated 12 million hectares of water and another 8 million of wetlands that represent huge natural resources for fish production. However, the consumption per capita of fish in the country has declined from 12 kg in the 1970s to 7.7 kg in 2012. Although there have been complaints about the amount of fish being caught from the fisheries, it is important to mention that the fish catches have been declining in only Kafue and Mweru Wantipa fisheries.