Climate change and agriculture in Zambia

By Ballard A. Zulu and Christabel Chabwela

Climate is the average of individual weather states, taken over sufficiently long periods of time. While weather impacts our daily lives, climate influences our decisions about where to live, and how to grow food.

Climate variability refers to variations in climate on all aspects beyond that of individual weather events. This variability may be caused by natural internal processes within the climate system or by external influences which may be due to naturally-occurring phenomena. One of the most important (and widely known) examples of natural climate variability is the *El NiƱo.

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