Zambia food security and nutrition report 2020

By Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka and Fwasa Singogo

Food insecurity and malnutrition, in all its forms including undernutrition (stunting, wasting and underweight) remain among the most daunting development challenges in Zambia. Five years after committing to ending hunger, food insecurity and all forms of malnutrition, the country remains far off track to achieve these objectives by 2030 in line with Goal # 2 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Widely acknowledged as a direct outcome of food insecurity, malnutrition is often found in households confronted with high poverty, food insecurity and poor sanitation conditions. It is, therefore, not only a serious public health problem but constitutes a threat to national economic growth and development. Malnutrition increases health care costs, reduces productivity and slows economic growth (WHO, 2020). It is a major threat to the growth, survival, and development of infants and young children. Globally, around 45% of the deaths among the children under 5 years of age are linked to undernutrition, mostly occurring in the developing countries (WHO, 2020).

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