Technical Papers and Notes

IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON WATER AVAILABILITY IN ZAMBIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR IRRIGATION DEVELOPMENT

Technical Paper No. 7

February 2018

Byman H. Hamududu and Hambulo Ngoma

Water resources are important for current and future socioeconomic development of any country. To manage water resources sustainably requires a good understanding of the current and future availability of these resources at local level: how much water is available, where is it available and when? This paper assesses the spatial and temporal distribution of water resources and the impacts of projected climate change on water resource availability, and draws implications for irrigation development in Zambia. Read more...

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FALL ARMYWORM OUTBREAK IN ZAMBIA: RESPONSES, IMPACT ON MAIZE PRODUCTION AND FOOD SECURITY

Technical Paper No. 6

January 2018

By Stephen Kabwe, Christabel Chengo-Chabwela, and Kabaso Mulenga 

In November and early December in 2016, Zambia experienced an outbreak of the Fall Army Worm (FAW) that affected districts in almost all the provinces. Once pest was identified, The President of the Republic of Zambia, His Excellency Edgar Lungu declared the outbreak as a national disaster. This prompted the quick mobilization of resources to control the pest and the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) and Disaster Management and Mitigation Unit (DMMU) were tasked to coordinate resource mobilization and implementation of control measures. Read more...

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BEST PRACTICE SHEET FOR GENDER EQUITY AND NUTRITION IMPACT MEASUREMENT TOOLS IN THE ZAMBIAN CONTEXT

By Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka and Mulako Kabisa 

An important first step in strengthening gender equity and nutrition outcomes involves having reliable methods of measurement. Read more...

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 ZAMBIA: AGRICULTURE STATUS REPORT 2016

By Antony Chapoto and Brian Chisanga

Zambia’s agriculture sector provides the main support for the rural economy. This assertion is based on the fact that about forty nine percent of the Zambian population depends on agriculture, primarily through smallholder production for their livelihoods and employment. Notwithstanding this fact, in 2015 the sector contributed 8.5 percent to the GDP and approximately 9.6 percent of national export earnings. Read more...

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THE STATUS OF HUNGER AND MALNUTRITION IN ZAMBIA: A REVIEW OF METHODS AND INDICATORS.

Technical Paper No. 5

June 2016

By Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka and Musonda Mofu

The paper's focus on the status of hunger and malnutrition in Zambia provides a review of the methods and indicators used to determine undernourishment, hunger and malnutrition. Using secondary data and published survey reports, the paper found methodological issues in the calculation of undernourishment by FAO. However, the undernourishment rates are similar with those generated from the IAPRI/MAL/CSO survey, IFPRI Hunger Index and ZDHS. The paper states that for Zambia to improve its food security and reduce hunger, it should ensure that children and their families have access to enough diverse and good quality foods, clean water and safe sanitation. Furthermore, there is need for child care capacity building programs at community and household level through government and non-governmental interventions. The paper concludes by stating that a reason Zambia may have ranked poorly in state food security insecurity is a lack of good information on food consumption at household level Read more....

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CAN MARKET AGENTS PLAY A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN SUSTAINABLE HORTICULTURAL SUPPLY CHAINS DEVELOPMENT IN ZAMBIA? A CASE STUDY OF LIMA LINKS HORTICULTURAL PRICE INFORMATION SYSTEM.

Technical Paper No. 4

December, 2015

By Munguzwe Hichaambwa and Nyamwaya Munthali

Smallholder horticultural supply chains in Zambia have suffered not only from dysfunctional wholesale market ownership and management systems but also the lack of reliable market information systems that can Read more....

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THE FISHERIES SECTOR IN ZAMBIA: STATUS, MANAGEMENT, AND CHALLENGES 

Technical Paper No. 3

August, 2015

By Alexander Kefi Shula and Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka

The paper focuses on the status, management and challenges of the fisheries sector in Zambia. Using qualitative and quantitative data collected from the Department of Fisheries and Central Statistics Office, the paper's findings on the status are that the fisheries sector does not have a stand alone policy; the National Agricultural Policy for 2004-2015 governs the development of the sector and emphasizes fish resource management with little attention to aquaculture; the consumption per capita of fish in the country has declined from 12 kg in the 1970s to 7.7 kg in 2012; and aquaculture fish production has grown from 5000 tons per annum in 2006 to 20000 tons in 2013. The management of the sector shows that the government has introduced measures to increased fish production through the development of fishery specific management plans, aquaculture strategy, development plans and financing through the Citizen's Economic Empowerment Commission and the Aquaculture and Fisheries Fund. The challenges of the sector include low fish production and productivity, lack of fish storage facilities, unclear objectives in fisheries management, limited access to finances, and weak enforcement of regulations. The authors note that climate change also poses a major threat to the sector. They recommend that the Department of Fisheries be split into two, Capture Fisheries and Aquaculture, there should be intensification of the existing agricultural institute's sections on fisheries and aquaculture, and the management of capture fisheries should be based on biological and socio-economic objectives. Read more....

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MAIZE MARKET COORDINATION IN ZAMBIA: AN ANALYSIS OF THE INCENTIVES AND OBSTACLE TO IMPROVED VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS 

Technical Paper No. 2

March, 2014

By Jordan Chamberlin, Nicholas J. Sitko, Auckland Kuteya, Mary Lubungu and Solomon Tembo

Maize in Zambia is both the national staple food and the most commonly grown crop by smallholders. As a result, it is the primary focus of public expenditure on agriculture in the country. The legacy of state involvement in Zambia's maize sector dates back to the Read more...

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THE STATUS OF SMALLHOLDER LIVESTOCK IN ZAMBIA

Technical Paper No. 1

September, 2012

By  Mary Lubungu and Rhoda Mofya-Mukuka

The paper attempts to provide a comprehensive state of affairs on the smallholder livestock sector in Zambia. It begins by explaining the value or importance of the sector to the Zambian economy in terms of its contribution to national and agricultural GDP, smallholder household livelihood and export earnings. Using nationally representative primary data from the 2012 Rural Agricultural Livelihoods Survey (RALS12) and secondary data from a Report on Livestock Sector in Zambia by the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock in collaboration with other stakeholders, the paper's findings include the following: Read more...